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The Understanding of a Loyalist's Love-Song for his King and its Historical Development

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2014, (33), pp.185-215
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Park, Inhee 1

1국민대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In classical poetry, there are some works called as a loyalist's love-song for his king[忠臣戀主之詞]. However, there has been little discussion of the concept of a loyalist's love-song for his king until now. A loyalist's love-song for his king literally has referred to some work with loyalist's longing for his king. Or, because a work called as a loyalist's love-song for his king was written in one's exile, it has referred to some work that one wrote as he missed his king in his exile. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to consider the concept of a loyalist's love-song for his king, focused on Jeonggwajeonggok[鄭瓜亭曲] which has been stated as a loyalist's love-song for his king in the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty. The result indicates that a work called as a loyalist's love-song for his king must satisfy the following conditions. First, its writer should be appreciated as a loyalist. Second, the song should be written in the situation that the writer grows away from his king regardless of his will due to some influence blocking between his king and him, namely the king's subject. Third, in that situation, the writer should express his own feelings honestly with his longing for his king. A work called as a loyalist's love-song for his king should measure up to these conditions. And the second and the third conditions increase the possibility that a work is regarded as a loyalist's love-song for his king. Due to the second condition, it is not necessary that a loyalist's love-song for his king is defined as some work written in one's exile. It is enough that the song was written in some situation that the writer grew away from his king regardless of his will. The third condition allows a loyalist's love-song for his king to involve some expression of resentment over his king. The resentment reveals itself when the writer expresses his feelings in the situation that he is far away from his king. The expression of resentment over a king is comprehensible as a literary convention of those days. In this way, it is possible that Mulgyejaga[勿稽子歌], Silhyega[實兮歌] and Wonga[怨歌] written in the period of Silla are regarded as loyalists' love-songs for their kings. Unfortunately, the lyrics of Mulgyejaga and Silhyega have been lost to history. However, the situation that they were written in considered, they deserve to be called as a loyalist's love-song for his king. Wonga should be called as a loyalist's love-song for his king because it measures up to the three conditions. This paper examined what a loyalist's love-song for his king is, through the documents regarding Jeonggwajeonggok. In this process, it seems that the meaning of a loyalist's love-song for his king has taken concrete shape a little more. And, in this discussion, it seems that it ie revealed that the expression of a loyalist's love-song for his king is not just for a few works or a specific genre.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.