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A Study on Literary Works for Jeokbyeok(赤壁, The Red Cliff) in Mt. Mudeung(無等山) Area in the late Joseon Dynasty

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2017, (40), pp.5-29
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Kim Dae-Hyun 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the late Joseon Dynasty, there were many literary works for Hwasun Jeokbyeok(赤壁, The Red Cliff) around Mt. Mudeung(無等山) area. In this paper, I aim to briefly review the major literary works on Jeokbyeok during the late 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. In the first half of the 17th century, there was Jung Ji-Jun (丁之雋) who worked on Jeokbyeok literature. He built pavilions such as Manghyangjung(望美亭) and did various literary activities. In the latter half of the 17th century, Kim Chang-Hyeop and Kim Chang-Heup from Andong Kim family wrote some interesting works on Jeokbyeok and they have since become widespread. In the first half of the 18th century, Yi Ha-Gon(李夏坤)’s Jeokbyeok literature was important for us. He wrote Yuhonamrock(遊湖南錄), a tourist diary on Honam(湖南) province, and one part of that book was on Jeokbyeok. In addition, he recorded Jeokbyeok tour in 57 long poems titled Jeokbyeokga (Red Cliff Songs, 赤壁歌). In the latter half of the 18th century, we can focus on Jeong Yak-Yong(丁若鏞)’s works on Jeokbyeok. It is known that he ascended Mudeung Mountain and also visited Jeokbyeok. At Jeokbyeok, he wrote not only an excursion record called Yumulyeomjeonggi(遊勿染亭記), but also a few Hansi(漢詩, Chinese poem) on Jeokbyeok. In the 19th century, Kim Sag-Gat’s Hansi can be also considered as one of the most important literary works. He left a few pieces of Dongsi(東詩, Eastern poem) related to Jeokbyeok. In the latter half of the 19th century, Hwang Hyeon(黃玹) traveled to Jeokbyeok at the age of 41, and left some works on Jeokbyeok. His work which is called Jeokbyeokgi(赤壁記, Records on Red Cliff) inherited the tradition of Jeokbyeok prose. Likewise, in the late 17th, 18th, and 19th century, many Jeokbyeok literatures were published continuously. The purpose of this paper is to introduce some of the representative works by period and examine their literary achievements.

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