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The Structure and the role of Yahweh-King Psalms(Pss 93-100)

이은애 1

1이화여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper will show that the Yahweh-King Psalms (Pss 93-100) are a coherent collection which was intentionally composed to emphasize the eternal kingship of Yahweh. The structure of the Yahweh-King Psalms reveals how the faith of the Psalter changed from despair in the exile period to the hope for the Yahweh's reign over all. Psalms 93-100 are studied in the context of Book IV and with attention to their role in the Psalter. The Psalms of Yahweh-King are contained in Book IV(Pss 90-106) of the Hebrew Psalter. Pss 93-100, placed in the center of Book IV(Pss 90-106) comprise a literary unit, because their topic is Yahweh as king of the universe, and the psalms are closely connected to each other in style and terminology. The emphasis on the kingship of Yahweh starts in Ps 93 comes to a head in Ps 100, which is intended to be the climax according to form 7+1 in the very deliberate structure of Pss 93-100. Ps 93 and Ps 100 make a pair that in which each is a preface and a conclusion in this collection of hymns. Ps 97, a Yahweh-King Psalm beginning with ‘Yahweh reigns’(JHWH malak), corresponds with Ps 99 and with Ps 93. Ps 96 and Ps 98, which precede and follow Ps 97 extended the sphere of God's reign to all peoples and all creation with the calling ‘praise with a new song.’ Ps 95 and Ps 99 are linked in praising God as the King who saved Israel. Ps 94, which is seen as a separated psalm in this hymns-collection, deals with 'Yahweh as a righteous king' and is well joined to them. This structure shows that the Yahweh-King psalms in Pss 93-100 of the Book IV are intended as a read-book (Lesebuch) for the people who had been exiled far from the promised land and temple, but looked to Yahweh as a king over all lands and nations for saving Israel and for reigning over all nations and peoples in righteousness and love. This psalms-section is an important turning point for the reader overcoming despair over the failure of the Davidic dynasty to the hope for the direct reign of Yahweh-King over this world.

Citation status

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