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The Wisdom from a Grave: The Exegesis and the Message of Ecc. 9

차준희 1

1한세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This essay suggests a way to fill up a gap between the exegesis of the Bible and preaching, recognizing that it is the important task of today's biblical studies. Building the bridge between Academism(professionalism) and Journalism(popularity) requires a leading attitude of biblical studies scholars first. This essay focuses on Ecclesiastes 9 and finds the meaning and messages of this chapter. I hope this analysis -the theological exegesis of Eccl. 9 and the message from it- to be useful for many preachers to preach it in their churches. First, Eccl. 9:1-6 concerns the life in the face of death. The latter part of verse 1a "the righteous and the wise and what they do are in God's hands" and verse 4 are quotation from the speech of Koheleth's contemporaries. Koheleth refutes the quotation(v 1a, 4) that the expectation of hope after the death of the righteous and the wise(cause and effect). Koheleth turns his eyes from uncertainties after the death to the reality before the death. Second, Eccl. 9:7-10 states the life on this earth. This paragraph is the broadest part extended by the motif 'Carpe-diem.' The food< >of verse 7 and the word "already"< > that appears only in Ecclesiastes are related to Genesis 3:19. This verse implies that God already enjoyed and received to eat food and drink wine. This means that enjoying life is the original intention of Creator. Koheleth insists that the true faithful life is to enjoy the gifts given from God in God. Third, Eccl. 9:11-12 makes clear that human beings stand before the suddenly coming death. "time"< >of verse 11 is the appropriate time (expected event), "chance"< > indicates the accidental time (unexpected event). Verse 12 represents, by showing the picture of the fish in a net, that human beings stand before the death. Last, Eccl. 9:13-18 deals with the limits of the wisdom. The aphorism(격언), in verse 17-18a, that praises the wisdom is a quotation. The content of verse 14-15 introduces a certain historical event but it is not possible and important to identify the event. The important thing is the intention of the statement. Now, Koheleth draws a line at the overrated wisdom. This means that the wisdom also has the limitation.

Citation status

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