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The Features and Roles of both Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 13

Kim, Rae Yong 1

1협성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates roles of Deuteronomic laws in both Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 13, which play a role as a conclusion of the books. For this, I analyzed their structures, languages, and syntax and then compared the results of the analysis to each other. They are as follows:First, there are some similarities between Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 13. They all begin with a law related to mixed marriages(Ezra 9: 1-2; Nehemiah 13: 1-2), which plays a role as a base for both Ezra's reforms and Nehemiah's reforms and legalizes their reforms. In particular, laws in both Ezra 9: 1-2 and Nehemiah 13: 1-2 are based on Deuteronomy 7: 3 and 23: 3-6. In this view, their reforms are thoroughly based on the laws in the book of Deuteronomy. Second, both Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 13 have their own specific characteristics. According to Ezra 9-10, Ezra did his reforms very passively at first, but Shecaniah's earnest request made him active. In particular, the law which appears in Ezra 9: 1-2 is repeated in the Ezra's prayer, so it becomes a strong basis for Ezra's reforms. His reforms are completed by the help of the Jerusalem community and a successful result of his reforms is presented in a list in Ezra 10: 18-44. Accordingly, Ezra 9-10 plays a role as a conclusion that describes how Ezra's reforms have been done and completed. Nehemiah's reforms appear heavily in Nehemiah 13, which includes Nehemiah's five reforms, three of which are related to Amon and Moab. Accordingly, his reforms are concentrated on the two peoples. In particular, Nehemiah 13 is placed after Nehemiah 12, which mentions the dedication of rebuilt walls of Jerusalem, and mentions that on the basis of the law in Nehemiah 13: 1-2. Nehemiah solved the problems of Tobiah and Sanballat, who were enemies obstructing Nehemiah's rebuilding. Accordingly, Nehemiah 13 plays a role as a conclusion emphasizing that Nehemiah's reforms were perfectly completed. In sum, both Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 13 show how the author describes the conclusions of both the book of Ezra and the book of Nehemiah. Therefore, the study on these conclusions is very important because this study shows the method of historiography of the book of Ezra and the book of Nehemiah.

Citation status

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