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An Interpretation for the Meaning and Role of the Episode of the Wood-gatherer on Sabbath: A study of Redaction Criticism and Structural Criticism on Numbers 15: 32-36.

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1서울장신대학교

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ABSTRACT

What is the meaning and role of the episode of the wood-gatherer on Sabbath in Numbers 15: 32-36? Some scholars proposed to see Num 15: 32-36 in the connected context of the catastrophic events in Num 13-14(Tzvi Novick, A. Leveen, D. T. Olson). It signals the continuity of God's relationship with Israel of the wilderness; By insisting that the Sabbath-breaker be punished, God asserts the continuity of this relationship. But Num 15: 32-36 has its own meaning and role in the context of chapter 15. This study tried to show that 15: 32-36 is connected with 15: 30-31. Num 15: 30-31 introduced the law for the punishment of intented sin. The connected verses 32-36 role as a concrete precedent for the law of death penalty. These contents are proved by Reduction Criticism. Structural Criticism showed the surface structure (life and death, obedience and disobedience) and the deep structure (God as the law-giver and the judge of the intended sin / the intended sin of a wood gatherer is a guilt against God) in Num 15: 30-36. Comparing MT and LXX of Num 15: 32-36 shows that the plural form of the sabbath in LXX is different from the singular form of the sabbath in MT. These elements in LXX also show that the nuance of the intended breaking of the sabbatical law is repeated in the sabbaths. The combination of the diachronic method and the synchronic method for Num 15:32-36 can be perceived as a co-assistant method to interpret the text.

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