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Did Only One ‘Ark of God’ Exist?

정중호 1

1계명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This project has shown the existence of not only one, but several ‘arks of God’. These include the ark of the wilderness tradition, which traveled from Shilo to Philistine and finally Kirjathjearim; the ark transported from Baale-judah to Jerusalem by King David; the ark Saul ordered the priest Ahijah to bring; and the ark of God owned by the tribe of Dan. In particular, we find the existence of several different arks of God highly probable given the religious context of the period. Key to the existence of multiple arks is the interchangeability of the terms ‘ark of God’ and ‘eboth’. We find evidence in the Old Testament where ‘eboth’ has been substituted for other arks of God(1 Sam 14: 18). The ark which Saul ordered to bring on the battlefield, the ark which the priest Ahijah bore back was not from Kirjathjearim but appears to be the ark of the sanctuary of Nob. This is due to the fact that the priest of the sanctuary of Nob was, like the priest Ahijah, of the Elide Priests. It appears that Abiathar took this ark of God when he went to David in escaping. Also, the ark of God in the sanctuary of the tribe of Dan appears to be connected to the Mahaneh-Dan of Kirjathjearim, where the tribe of Dan encamped. Mahaneh-Dan appears to be a sanctuary rather than an area, one of several sanctuaries in Kirjathjearim. Also, the ark of the tribe of Dan also appears related to the ark of God in the sanctuary of Micah in the mountains of Ephraim.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.