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A Study on the Significant of Number Seven in Lev 26:14-33

Choi Jong-Won 1

1서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present research primarily is to examine the meaning of the number seven in Lev. 26 in relation to the northwest semitic inscriptions and Deut. 28. In the context of the northwest semitic inscriptions, the number seven is used with literary style-method as the meaning of ‘treaty-curse’. From the composition critical method, Lev. 26 is in parallel with the schema ‘bless and curse’ in Deut 28. This concept is newly composed by a writer who synthesized a deuteronomistic and priestly thought in a composition ‘promise and threat’. In Lev. 26 the central paragraph is the part of ‘the curse’(vv. 14-33). To be fair, it shows that the exilic situation of the Book of Ezekiel is presupposed. In this study, the number seven(v. 18, 21, 24, 28) is dealt with the content ‘knife, hunger and infection’ as the curse-trias in the paragraph of ‘the curse’. From this analysis it is possible to explain systematically the negative conditional clauses with the ‘sevenfold-schema’. The paragraph reflects an expansion of literary style in Deut. 28 and theological thought in the text of Ezekiel. The point of the indirect compositional view is dependent on an ideological aspect of northwest-Semitic in the ancient Near Eastern. This development shows that the paragraph ‘the curse’ in Lev. 26 is originally instructed on the sevenfold-structure as used in Deut. 28. The editor(or compiler) of Lev. 26 deals with a literary style, which is stated as a breaking of the promise or treaty made with the Israelites. This style is best illustrated in the inscription of Sefire, Tell Feckeriye and Būkan in the northwest-Semitic domain. As a result, the text gives us a clue to an invention of some written tradition that the number seven provides the specific means as curse/treat and punishment in the braking of promise or treaty.

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