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Scribe-Discourse on the Torah - Theology in the Postexilic Period -

Kyunggoo Min 1

1한세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the debate over the Torah-obedience between priesthood and prophethood by literary-critical analysis in the Post-Exilic Period, being shown that it is about the competition between two Torah-concepts. However, there is no substantive difference between the Torah-perceptions and interest, as both groups seek to Torah-obedience. According to Deut 31:9-11 the reading of the Torah is a priestly task, since the written Torah after the death of Moses, the priesthood has been handed over. This wins a crucial function, as its mediation role is essential to the Torah-obedience. In contrast, a prophetic school, because after Jer 31:31-34, the Torah will be written by Yahweh himself on the heart. This aims at the direct Torah-obedience of the people and so revises the idea of ​​Deut 31:9-13. This counter-position of the prophetic Torah is concretized in two aspects, firstly, by the materials of stone (Deut 31:9-13) and heart blackboard (Jer 31:31-34) are opposite to each other; and on the other hand Heart-Torah has a new quality, because in contrast to the breakable Torah of Deut 31:9-13 is by Jer 31:31-34 now unbreakable. Consequently, Jer 31:31-34 designed a novel Torah-concept which is connected to Deut 30:11-14. With which groups the representatives of these two concepts are to be identified? Their common feature is the pronounced Torah-interest, so they are probably better understood not as a scribe but as a Schriftgelehrte. At this group includes priests, prophets and scribes who preach not just verbally, but in writing. Through their respective updating of different traditions to develop new modes of Torah-obedience, a literary connection between the Pentateuch and the prophetic books is also generated, which is why, for example, there is a Pentateuch-editorial processing of the prophetic books.

Citation status

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