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Holiness and Justice in Isaiah 1-12

Kim, Rae Yong 1

1협성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to investigate not only the relationship between holiness and justice but also the characteristics and functions of these two in Isaiah 1-12. For this purpose, I examined the language, structure, and syntax of each of the units where these two terms occur in Isaiah 1-12. In Isaiah 1-12, holiness and justice play important roles in the judgment oracles and in the salvation oracles alike. In the judgment oracles, in particular, both holiness and justice are employed in justification of the Lord's judgment upon his people. Furthermore, holiness is used to explain or describe the reasons for God’s judgment on his people and the sins that the people committed against their neighbors or against God. In the salvation oracles, holiness is used to describe the identity of the remnant, the relationship between the remnant and God, the ideal world in which the remnant will reside in the future, and an object whom the remnant will worship. Justice, which occurs with righteousness in Isaiah 1-12, is also used to explain the reasons for God’s judgment on his people. Here, justice and righteousness play very similar roles as holiness does. Absence of justice from them is a reason for God's judgment upon his people, and God passes judgment upon them in order to restore justice to them. In the salvation oracles, it is emphasized that salvation is due to both justice and righteousness and that they are very important virtues that the future Messiah should have. The results of this study prove useful for those who read and study Isaiah 1-12 to understand it better.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.