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God’s Spirit, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Temple, God - recognition

Sa-Ya Lee 1

1남서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Studies on the theme of הור or Holy Spirit are rare in comparision with other theological themes in the Old Testament. In fact, the word Holy Spirit (שודק חור) occurs only three times in the Old Testament(Ps.51:13; Is.63:10,11). But the books of Prophets include sixty-five times of God’s Spirit of theoepistemological meaning. The theoepistemological meaning of God’s Spirit and Power is unique expression which could not find in any other near eastern texts except the Old Testament. Especially, God’s Spirit was a way of God’s presence to the prophets. The purpose of this paper is to make clear theological features in interpreting God’s Spirit texts in the Prophets and to prove the fact that חור is one of the theologically important themes in the Old Testament and to contribute to the development of studies of Holy Spirit in the Old Testament. God’s creation and re-creation, supremacy, Israel’s restoration, universalism on the theoepistemology, changes of individual religious life are main theological characteristics engaging with the God’s Spirit in the Prophets. Ezekiel said not merely the creatures' life-receiving through life-giving spirit, but entire Israel's restoration and new creation(Ez.37) and required Israel’s internal, ethical changes. Also Isaiah presented the fact that the meaning of new life-giving was not restricted in natural creatures and pointed out wider meaning about the restoration of the own land and nation(Is.40:12-14; 44:1-5 etc.). And there appeared the integrated relationship between pouring of oil and presence of Ruah YHWH, so to speak, the selection of YHWH appeared through oil-pouring was replaced by pouring of Ruah YHWH. Shem YHWH, Kabod YHWH and Yad YHWH supports the presence of Him(Is.59:19; Ez.3:12,14; 43:5 etc.). These are the alternations of the ark which was traditional symbol of God’s presence. Haggai, Zechariah and Ezekiel paid attention to God’s Spirit, necessary element of the reconstruction of the temple and the restoration of the faith of Israelite community. Especially שודק חור(Is.63:10,11) was the expression of God’s presence itself (not a symbol) starting from the emphasis of God’s holiness and it could be the theological great conversion because God’s Spirit appeared as the agent of YHWH or even His own manifestation. We could see the diversity of the epistemology of God’s presence and even its changes in the prophets.

Citation status

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