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Sociological Analysis of “Those who were Driven Out of the Land(#r<a"h'-!mi WaK.nI)”: Centered on Job 30:1~8

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2021, 27(4), pp.84-117
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2021.27.4.84
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : October 18, 2021
  • Accepted : November 20, 2021

hangeuncho 1

1구세군사관대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Sociological Analysis of “Those who were Driven out of the Land(#r<a"h'-!mi WaK.nI)”: Centered on Job 30:1~8 Han-Geun Cho Ph.D Professor, Department of Christianity The Salvation Army Graduate University This paper examines the meaning of “those who were driven out of the land” through sociological analysis in Job 30:1~8. They forfeited the land they had cultivated, suffering from famine and starvation. Moreover, conditions of their dwelling places such as pits describe their situation as subhuman, making the text more miserable to portray the reality. The verse 8 “those who were driven out of the land” defines as follows: First, the extreme poverty of “those who were driven out of the land” was the result of the wicked’s greed who took the poor’s land. The text states that they were expelled from their society and “from the land(#r<a"h-!mi/min-ha'arez).” Therefore, the phrase “#r<a"h'-!mi WaK.nI(nikeu min-ha'arez)” can be said as an expression that well represents their socio-economic conditions. Second, “those who were driven out of the land” were people who were deprived opportunities to reintegrate into the community. This means that the existing society has exclusive tendencies. This background also reflects the factors of the times that justified exclusivity by emphasizing pedigree roots. Third, the text contains economic and social discrimination against special classes, suggesting that commandments and social norms which don’t represent the poor's right to live. Therefore, when “those who were driven out of the earth” tried to access to the society by hunger, people called them thieves and shouted them out. This means that the Hebrew code did not work at all to realize the social ethics. Therefore, the descriptions of “those who were driven out of the land” appearing in the text can be seen as a result of social discrimination.

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