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The Chronicler’s Intention Revealed in the Comparison of the Athaliah Accounts between Kings and Chronicles

Hwang Sunwoo 1

1총신대학교 구약

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Whereas the narrative of the non-Davidic Athaliah’s reign in Kings and Chronicles is short, both books narrate how Athaliah was expelled by the Davidic king, Joash, who was guided by the priest, Jehoiada in detail. The seven years reign of Athaliah and the murder of her is recorded in 2 Kings 11:1-20 and 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:21. Though the Chronicler followed his Vorlage, 2 Kings 11:1-20 in 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:21, he altered and added in many places. The aim of this article is to grasp the Chronicler’s intention reflected in the Chronicler’s alteration and supplementation through the comparison between the Athaliah texts in Kings and Chronicles. For the comparison, I divided the texts into five parts: 1) The enthronement of Athaliah and Joash’s survival (2 Kgs 11:1-3//2 Chr 22:10-12), 2) Jehoida’s revolution: the guard of the palace and the temple (2 Kgs 11:4-8//2 Chr 23:1-7), 3) Joash’s enthronement (2 Kgs 11:9-12//2 Chr 23:8-11), 4) The execution of Athaliah (2 Kgs 11:13-16//2 Chr 23:12-15), 5) covenant and reformation (2 Kgs 11:17-20//2 Chr 23:16-21). Having compared and analyzed the Athaliah texts of Kings and Chronicles, I proposed four intentions of the Chronicler. First, the Chronicler revealed that the Jehoiada’s revolution was not just implemented by the royal bodyguards but also supported by the Israelites on a large scale. Second, the Chronicler stressed the Levites’ and priests’ roles in the revolution, which reflected the leadership of the Levites and priests in the postexilic Israelites community. Third, as the Chronicler underscored the roles of the Levites and priests, he emphasized the holiness of the temple. Fourth, the Chronicler reminded the readers of the significance of David, the Davidic covenant, and the Davidic kingdom in the account of the restoration of the Davidic king, Joash.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.