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A Study on the Textual Tradition of Psalm 151 in 11Q5 and the Septuagint

Kim, Jong-Hoon 1

1부산장신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to track the source of Psalm 151 found in the Septuagint and 11Q5, even though it is not found in the Hebrew text. Both versions tell the story of David receiving an anointing from Samuel and winning his first battle against Goliath, and are therefore associated with the textual tradition of 1 Samuel 16 and 17. In addition, common textual traditions not found in the Book of Samuel can be identified in both psalms, suggesting that these two poetic compositions are also related in their poetic composition process. The text of 11Q5 is longer than that of the Septuagint, so when the text of 11Q5 was discovered, it was thought that the shorter Septuagint summarized the longer Qumran tradition. However, other scholars have argued the opposite, that the text of the Septuagint was expanded by 11Q5. This study thoroughly analyzes the textual tradition to verify these two claims, ultimately demonstrating that the Septuagint's summary hypothesis can be confirmed in verses 1-4 of 151A (1-3 in the Septuagint), while verses 5-7 of 151A and verses 4-5 of the Septuagint reveal independent poetic composition traditions. Accordingly, this study argues that the psalm 151 of 11Q5 and the Septuagint were independently developed based on a common poetic material rooted in the text of Samuel. Thus, this study presents a partial reconstruction of the material based on the common text of the two psalms.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.