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A Study on God's Violence and Job's Parody

Ryu, Sarah 1

1백석대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study opines that Job recognized God's actions against him comparable to the violence by the gods of the ancient Near East. He doubted the existence of God because of his own circumstances and experiences in which the original attributes of God, who protects his people with love, compassion, and and justice, were neither visible nor applicable. This resulted from Job's own unique observation and awareness of the person of God. Conventionally, God is known to be unstoppable in using violence in order to love and protect his people. He chases and chastises them without leaving any residue to eliminate evil and sin. Even if it seems like a violent love, God acts without regret and finally recovers and restores his people. God is the adversary of those who threaten his people, and he judges and avenges them. God's devotion and faithfulness are to result in holiness and justice, ultimately providing good for Israel in a variety of ways. Whether in Israel or outside it, God's purpose for violence is clear and consistent. God, as Creator and Sovereign, approves and uses violence to protect his people and creation. Violence is safe under God's hand. However, to Job, God's violece was perceived differently. It was not a God of justice who protects and restores his people. The violence of God he encountered was cruel, wild, and impersonal. Job had doubts about God. Job casts a challenging question, "Is YHWH a selfish, cruel, and violent God like the gods of the ancient Near East?" Job's raises and ontological inquiry that strains the character of God. Job thus provokes God's silence by parodying the actions of the gods of the ancient Near East.

Citation status

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