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A Study on the Ethnic Language Policy and the Phase of the Ethnic Language in China

Choi, Kyeong-bong 1 태평무 2

1원광대학교
2中央民族大學

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study set out to investigate three major areas: first, how the Chinese government developed its language policies for minority races since its inception; secondly, what kind of impacts those language policies for minority races had on the status of ethnic languages; and finally, how the attitudes toward ethnic languages changed and what were their causes according to the current state of minority languages in China. For those purposes, the study examined the history of language policies for minority races and reviewed how those policies became sophisticated in what relation to researches on minority languages. In the process, the investigator figured out what was the transitional point in the history of language policies for minority races with regard to the development of modern Chinese history. In addition, the investigator traced changes to trends in researches on minority languages and examined the research trends in relation to changes to the language policies. With regard to the second and third research goal, the investigator objectively analyzed the current state of minority languages and discussed it in terms of the status and codification and further usage and education of written and spoken ethnic languages. As for the status and codification of written and spoken ethnic languages, first, written and spoken ethnic languages were categorized and their status was checked based on the internal and external conditions related to them; secondly, the logic of changes to the Letter Reform policies was explained by examining the usage patterns of letters and the codification of letters; and finally, the current state of codification of ethnic languages was examined to discuss the selection of the standard language in each ethnic language, publication of dictionaries for ethnic languages, and activities of policy agencies of written and spoken languages.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.