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Semantic Cognitive Analysis of the “嘴/口“ related words in Chinese and Korean

박화염 1 Han, Yong-Su 2

1
2동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Language is an important means of human perception and the accumulation of knowledge. Language and cognition are closely related. It is not established by the people through long social practice. Because different people have different growth environment, social background and cultural background, these different factors will affect people's cognitive activities and cognitive ability. According to the theory of cognitive linguistics, human’s own physical experience is the basis of human cognition, the starting point of cognition, and also a tool of cognition. The experiences gained from bodies are spread to the cognitive world by way of metaphors and other cognitive schemas. That’s how concept system formed. Human cognitive activities are rooted in the physical experiences of human beings. In other words, people's basic experience plays a very important role in the process of human cognition. The “嘴/口” related words are very important words in the human body vocabulary. People need to survive by the usage of “嘴/口” to complete the most basic “eating” and “speaking“ behavior, so the “嘴/口” related words in Chinese and Korean for semantic analysis have high research value and significance. Based on the results of previous studies, the dictionary meaning of words in Chinese and Korean “嘴/口” as well as the related theories of cognitive linguistics and contrastive linguistics, this article aims at analyzing the similarities and differences of the structure and function of the “嘴/口” related words in Chinese and Korean in the semantic expansion . Hoping this article can provide a reference for the Chinese and foreign language vocabulary teaching.

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