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The Focus and the Achievements of the Local Literature / Debate of the Spoken and Written Taiwanese in the 1930s Taiwan Literature Circle

崔末順 1

1國立政治大學台灣文學研究所

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ABSTRACT

The local literature / debate of the spoken and written Taiwanese that took place in the 1930s Taiwan literary circle originated from the debates of the ways and manner of the literary popularization in the left-wing literary circle. There were two concentrated debates between 1930 to 1934, emphasizing: first, the definition of local literature, and the question of performance in practical writing; Second, the choice of the literary language between the mandarin Chinese and the Taiwanese vernaculars. Third, opinions about proposing the construction of the Taiwanese vernaculars. Although the debate is originated from the viewpoint of left-wing literary circle, it was environmentally confined by many conditions and restrictions in Taiwan’s early literary colonial era. Therefore, it was not limited by the left-wing literary circle, but the intellectuals in other camps also heavily participated, and commonly thinking about the development and the direction of the colonial literature during the period of establishing modern literature. This article will first conduct a comprehensive survey of the causes, paths, processes, focuses and the thought behind the participants of the local literature / debate of the spoken and written Taiwanese, and then arrange the significance and achievements of the debate in the colonial Taiwan literary circle, as a basis for understanding the 1930s historical conditions of the Taiwan Literature in Colonial Period.

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