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Implementation Meaning of Folk-tale based on the Orality

  • Journal of Korean Literature
  • 2018, (37), pp.71-114
  • DOI : 10.52723/JKL.37.071
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : March 31, 2018
  • Accepted : May 10, 2018
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Sim,Woojang 1

1국민대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

There are many cases where we do not agree with the common sense that we have in the situation where folk-tales are narrated in the storytelling-site. I think that in these places, I can find the significance of oral literature. Therefore, I try to solve this problem based on orality. From the point of view of dialogue, folk-tales have a rich and chaotic context. And folk-tales are the products of the process of participants' mediation of context. Therefore, the work of confirming how the participants adjust the situation through the folk-tales and implement the meaning through it has enough significance. There are two kinds of storytelling-site’s situations related to discourse. First, it is a case of making a realistic claim by positively using the situation created by the folk-tale narration. Second, it is the case that the appropriate story is called for a given situation. In both cases, there is a tendency to discourse through folk-tales. But this discourse does not depend on the textual meaning of the folk-tale. Since the situation can be freely connected with the various components of the text, the actual meaning may be a certain distance from the core content of the text. Thinking in oral culture is originally situation-oriented and empirical. Likewise, folk-tales are apt to construct contextual and empirical meanings in the context of life. The story including folk-tale is itself a representative example of the operational thinking of the oral culture. It also generalizes oral cultural thought by tying stories that share similar situations. These generalized discourses are characterized by communal wisdom. Public wisdom with abstract character is formulated through stories. And it is also connected with the situation of the dialogue, so that it can communicate with the actual context. However, from the standpoint of the storyteller individual, folk-tale narration is a process of searching for individual recognition within the framework of public wisdom, both internalization of public wisdom. What is important is that, by doing this, the public wisdom is conveyed in a sense more than text, thanks to the dynamics of the situation.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.