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Characteristics of "Gujiga" in Consideration of "Gulbongjeongchwalto"

  • Journal of Korean Literature
  • 2018, (38), pp.127-144
  • DOI : 10.52723/JKL.38.127
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : September 30, 2018
  • Accepted : November 10, 2018
  • Published : November 30, 2018

Park, Jae-Min 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper reconsiders of the characteristics of "Gujiga", a well known ancient song. "Gujiga" has been regarded as a spell or a labor song. It contains wishes and resulted in a magical phenomenon in fact, so it was considered as a spell. On the other hand, it was associated with labor songs because of the phrase, "gulbongjeongchwalto" in it. Based on the existing interpretations, scholars interpreted the phrase as "to dig in the ground on the top of the mountain" or "to dig in the top of the mountain and to pile the soil". The act of digging in the ground or piling the soil got associated with work fields, so "Gujiga" could be regarded as a labor song. However, This paper made clear that "chwalto" is not to heap the earth in a big scale but to pile a handful of soil as a substitution of an incense burner, having no relationship with something to be called a labor. To prove this, I consulted various Chinese literature and investigated the idiomatic usage of "chwalto"(to pile a handful of soil), which was associated with "bunhyang"(to burn incense) and "giwon"(to pray), which exactly corresponds with the context of "Gujiga". Thus I conclude that "gulbongjeongchwalto" is not an evidence that proves "Gujiga" is a labor song but a motif associated with a spell.

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