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A Study on a Newly Discovered Gasa(歌辭) Collection Chungyeong-ga(春景歌)

  • Journal of Korean Literature
  • 2019, (39), pp.35-69
  • DOI : 10.52723/JKL.39.035
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : March 31, 2019
  • Accepted : May 10, 2019
  • Published : May 31, 2019

Lee, Min Heui 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Chungyeong-ga(春景歌) is the only collection of Gasa(歌辭) in the National Hangul Museum, first introduced in academia. A total of four pieces of Gasa are on display; "Giheo-gok(期會曲)", "Chungyung-ga(春景歌)", and another works of the same title, "Answer on Chungyung-ga(答春景歌)" are common works by women members of Lee Byung-ho(李秉灝)’s family in Uiryeong(宜寧), Gyeongsangnam-do. It is a collaborative work and a series of Gasa(連作歌辭), which is a collection of four impressions felt by each participant after spring play. The last "Answer on ChunKyung-ga(答春景歌)" contains emotion of the female speaker, who did not participate in spring play, lately took the spring play trip alone. This song can be called a song from the boundary line between the participants of the spring play and the absentee. Lee Byeong-ho's family's Number of breeds were gathered on the 8th of March 1915 to get food, and to go to a nearby scenic spot(Munsan-Jeong文山亭, Gwansu- Jeong觀水亭, Tower Rock塔巖, Jungwha-Dang中和堂 etc.) and to go to boating. At this time, while introducing the details of the attendees and the absentee, singer also boasts of her family and daughter who have lived in custody. In these works, there is a strong sense of friendly solidarity and self-sufficient attitude toward spring play among the women in the family. When synthesizing the contents of all four works, we can check the spring play schedule and place, the cost, the food menu, and the scenic spots etc. The four works are complementary relations. ChunKyung-ga is a combination of the traveling Gasa(紀行歌辭) composed of departure-itinerary-ears, and Whajeon Gasa(花煎歌) which sings collective nightlife scene and sings a tough life as a woman. Women gathered in one place to eat food, solve the accumulated emotion, and pursue the bonds and communication among women. Writer focused on exploring nearby scenic spots, building poetry, boating and watching the mountain. It is a good example of the mixture of the works of the 19th century female writer who emphasized the introduction of the center of the journey and the fascination with the family, and works which emphasize the communication and harmony between women through play. Considering the fact that there are few studies and the existence itself of the Gyubang-Gasa(閨房歌詞) in Gyeongnam Province, Chungyong-ga is a critical data to identify the literary world of Gyubang-Gasa in the future. These Gasa collection on the spring play performed by the women in Lee Byeongho's family, lived in Dam-an(牆內) Village in Jungkyo-ri, has a special meaning in terms of the good example that can explore women's consciousness and various materials of the spring play.

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