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A Study on the Ulleungdo's Horizontal Entrance Outer Stone Coffin Tomb In Three Kingdoms - Unifed Silla Period

Kim, Ha-Na 1

1한국문물연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Ulleungdo is the place where Usan existed, which later became subjugated to Silla by Lee Sabu who was the ruler of Haseulraju in 512, despite the numerous horizontal entrance outer stone coffin tombs of Silla existence, the study on the subject is still very insignificant. Thus, the purpose of this thesis is to explore when and what region's influence the Silla culture was introduced to the island together with horizontal entrance outer stone coffin tomb by examining the horizontal entrance outer stone coffin tombs distributed throughout Ulleungdo region. In Chapter II, will be summarization of distribution and status of the horizontal entrance outer stone coffin tombs found in Ulleungdo up to this date. In Chapter III, there will be attempts to establish classification and stages by the type of tombs and chronically record them through the excavated relics. In Chapter IV, based on the changing process and property of such tombs, the influx process of horizontal entrance outer stone tomb in Ulleungdo region was reviewed by analyzing in comparison with the materials found from the tombs in Samcheok and Donghae regions in the vicinity of the east coast, and Andong and Uiseong regions in northern Gyeongbuk. As for the results, The horizontal entrance outer stone tombs in Ulleungdo region were first built in mid 6th century. Later, Ulleungdo's own tomb style was settled down with a strong characteristic of original settlers and continued to be built until 10th century. The excavation remains from the 6th century middles which are a time where the horizontal entrance outer stone tombs flows initially the 10th century respect remains are confirmed Judging by the remains that mostly consist of Silla earthenwares and buried prestige goods such as a piece of bronze crown, bronze bell and gilt bronze buckle that represent indirect governing behaviors of distributing the prestige goods to the local ruling class and guaranteeing certain positions during the process of Silla unifying the neighboring countries, it is considered that this place was recognized as an important region and managed accordingly. Under the current circumstance of lacking sufficient data on Usan nation besides the literature about subjection to Silla in 512, the materials of tombs suggest the ideas on the process of Usan becoming a tributary to Silla.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.