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The Restoration of GeojeHyeon(巨濟縣) and the Movement of Chiso(治所) in the Early Joseon Dynasty

Gwangchul Kim 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

GeojeHyeon(巨濟縣) was abolished in the late Goryeo, and was moved into GajoHyeon(加祚縣) far away from GeojeDo(巨濟島). The time of movement was from the end of Wonjong(元宗) to the early King Chungryeol(忠烈王). The movement of GeojeHyeon was caused by the Sambyeolcho(三別抄) resistance and the strict restrictions of government. GeojeHyeon was returned in the early Joseon Dynasty after 150 years from the movement. GeojeHyeon moved into GajoHyeon was restored into GeojeDo in the fourth year of King Sejong's reign(1422). When GeojeHyeon was restored, the Chiso(治所 ; administrative office) was located in SuwueolRi(水月里), the east GeojeDo. Its Chiso was equipped with a wooden fence, but lacked castle for administrative office in province. After GeojeHyeon was restored, the Chiso was moved in two separate occasions on 1426 and 1451. The second Chiso was moved into the SadeungRi(沙等里) in the eighth year of King Sejong's reign(1426). In this place, built a castle named as SadeungSeong(沙等城). The circumference of wall was 2,511 cheok(尺) and the height of it was 9 cheok(尺). By the way, the Chiso of SadeungRi was moved into GojeongRi(古丁里) again in the first year of King Munjong's reign(1451). The reason of movement was because SadeungSeong’s small and there is not enough water. On the other hand, the Chiso of GojeongRi had a large expanse of plains with the abundance of water. The Eupseong(邑城) located on the GojeongRi was equipped with wall, castle gate and jail of about 40rooms. The circumference of wall was 3,638 cheok(尺) and the height of it was 13 cheok(尺). As mentioned above, after GeojeHyeon was restored, the Chiso was moved from SuwueolRi into SadeungRi, from SadeungRi into GojeongRi. The Chiso was located in the east coast of GeojeDo. It shows, through change the Goryeo Dynasty into the Joseon Dynasty, the distribution of resident, the movement of the stronghold of community leader, the administration and the traffic network was changed in the Geoje(巨濟) community.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.