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Burial Custom of the North Huns Determined from the Burial Styles of Animal Bones -Focusing on the tombs of Mongolia-

chang,yoon-chung 1

1부경대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine how animal bones were buried in the tombs of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia in China, determining whether the burial styles of animal bones found in those tombs, which has been just deemed one of nomadic burial customs, were actually what were applied by the Huns as an ancient nomadic tribe. The findings of the study showed that the burial styles of animal bones excavated from the tombs of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia varied according to where those tombs had been formed. According to the kinds of animal bones, those tombs can be largely classified into those located in the east and west of Arhangai Aimag. In the west, more specifically, animal bones found in the Huns tombs were mostly from sheep, which were in more cases combined with goat bones. Most containers excavated from the tombs also had sheep bones inside. In the east, while, the kinds of excavated animal bones varied in accordance with where the Huns tombs were formed or what remains were associated with those tombs. Nevertheless, most of those bones were still from sheep, which were found combined with cow or horse bones. Containers from the tombs usually had a mixture of sheep, horse and cow bones inside. In the Huns tombs of Mongolia, animal bones were in most cases found inside the tomb hollow, followed by in the space of the dead body's burial or his or her belongings' burial, inside the container, inside the walls of the tomb hollow and in the stone mound or topsoil of the tomb in order. In the Huns tombs of Inner Mongolia in China, while, animal bones were mostly found in the space of the dead body's burial or his or her belongings' burial. Therefore, placing animal bones inside the walls of the tomb hollow or putting them in the container may be regarded as one of the characteristics that the Huns tombs of Mongolia had. The tombs where animal bones were found generally had Chinese bronze mirrors inside. Accordingly, the period when regions having those forms made exchanges with China could be divided into three stages. Key regions that maintained relationships with China from the first to third stages were Akhangai Aimag and Bulgan Aimag. While, it was the second stage when Tov Aimag emerged as another mainstream in relationships with China.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.