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Forms and Development of Concave Tiles during the Period of Beakje Kingdom

kimsungi 1

1원광대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The concave tiles used during the Baekje Kingdom era could be classified into those without hanging low jaws and those with ones. The concave tiles without hanging low jaws could further be categorized into pressing, step-shaped and engraved types whereas those with hanging low jaws could be subdivided into the type with inscription and that without, being possibly broken down in more details depending on the manufacturing methods and kinds of patterns. The origin of the concave tiles employed by the Baekje Kingdom might be traced up to the step-shaped concave roofing tiles as found to have been used in some remains unearthed in Gyeongdang region of Pungnap-ri Fortification and in Buyeo area, a fact suggesting that tiles of the pressing type were produced under the influence of Chinese roofing tiles as evidenced by the remains unearthed from the temple site of Gunsu-ri and that such influence prompted roofing tiles to develop into the type without inscription of those with hanging low jaws. The concave tiles with hanging lower jaws of the type without inscription in roof-end tiles were found to have progressed to the type with budding and tortoise patterns as seen in the remains unearthed from Geummajeo region. Although there are drastic deviations in each researcher's compiling of the chronology for the tiles used for the Anhak Palace in the Goguryeo Kingdom, it can't be denied that the motives of the plant and tortoise patterns shown in the center of concave tiles must have been borrowed from the tiles with inscription of the Baekje Kingdom era. By the way, the concave tiles of the type with inscription as unearthed from the Mireuk Temple site turned out to have been made in application of the technologies of arabesque pattern combined with the pattern found in the inner case of the Sarira containers unearthed at the site of the Wanggung-ri 5-story pagoda. The concave tiles with inscription having appeared later at the site of Jeseok Temple showed that they did not inherit the traditional technology of concave tiles as used for concave tiles in Mireuk Temple but were found to have uniquely combined two techniques of tortoise and arabesque patterns. Such techniques of placing plant designs such as budding pattern and tortoise in the center of roof-end tiles were continuing to exercise influence upon production of concave tiles in later age.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.