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A study on construction time and the sculptor for Wooden seated Bodhisattva of Gimchoen Daehyusa

SunIl Choi 1

1문화재청

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper is a study about monk sculptor Hacheon, who made Wooden seated Bodhisattva enshrined main hall of Gimcheon Daehyusa at Gyeongsangbukdo province. A dedicative inscription “Juengmyeong(證明) Sujeong(修淨)” on the sealed Yellow Fabric of Sealing Huryeongtong (黃綃幅子) and "Bonggoksa(鳳谷寺)" on the Sutra installed inside a statue were revealed. Bonggoksa has a wooden tablet written a inscription which shows monk sculptor Hacheon(夏天), Seokjun(碩俊) made a triad seated Buddha and Arahant. Monk sculptor Hacheon, born in late 17th century, participated in various Buddhist sculptures rendering projects. Hacheon and leader sculptor Seaknan(色難) made Wooden seated triad Buddha and four Bodhisattva enshrined at Gurye Hwaeomsa Gakhwangjeon in 1703, Wooden Samantabhadra at Hadong Ssanggyesa in 1706, molding clay of Buddha at Jeonnam Goheung Neunggasa in 1707, Wooden Bodhisattva at Jeonnam Goheung Geumtapsa in 1709. Following leader sculptor Ilgi(一機), he participated paint mending progect at Suncheon Songgwangsa in 1720. Then he took charge of gold mending project at Jaheung Borimsa Neunginjeon in 1722 and reparing Arhats at Jaheung Borimsa. Also, as a leader sculptor, he made two Wooden seated Bodhisattva at Goheung Geumtapsa Bukdaeam(now enshrining at Seoul Jijangam) and Munsuam (now enshrining Goheung Songgwangam) in 1726, Wooden seat triad Buddha at Deagu Donghwasa Deawungjeon in 1727. Furthermore, he produced Wooden seat triad Buddha at Gimcheon Bonggoksa in 1730(now one Bodhisattva enshrining at Gincheon Daehyusa), Wooden seated Buddha at Chnagnyeong Dharma Propagation Center(布敎堂) in 1727 and took charge of reparing triad Amitabha . His activity period turned out so far is from in 1703 to in 1730. Wood seated Bodhisattva, whose height is 76.0cm and grafted mid-size statue. Its upper body is slightly bended forward. This Bodhisattva has an oval face, slightly open and slant upward eyes, triangular shape nose, and quiet smile. It has typical features of made late Joseon dyanasty Bodhisattva, but narrow shoulder for head and high knees for body. The shape of garment drapery is simplified by several lines. The features of Garment drapery like this sculptor is similar with buddha sculptor made by monk sculptor Saeknan working in late 17th century. For this paper, I can present that Hacheon belonged to monk sculpture school’s pedigree: Saeknan(色難), Ilgi(一機) → Hacheon(夏天), Pilyeong(弼英), Seokjun(碩俊), Seongchan(成澯), Jonghye(宗慧), Geongcheok(宏陟).

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.