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A Study on the Appearance and Characteristics of Roof Tile with Large Paddle-beat Pattern in Gyeongju Region during the Unified Silla Dynasty Period

  • Journal of Cultural Relics
  • Abbr : JCR
  • 2020, 37(37), pp.19-56
  • DOI : 10.23117/jcr.2020.37.37.002
  • Publisher : The Research Institute of Cultural Relics in East Asia
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 24, 2020
  • Accepted : April 22, 2020
  • Published : May 10, 2020

Cha, Soon-Chul 1

1서라벌문화재연구소

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The question of when the use of the roof tile with large paddle-beat pattern had begun in Gyeongju region during the Unified Silla Dynasty period is a matter of the change in the roof tile production which were managed by the government rather than the introduction of a new production technology. In other words, this indicates that the roof tile production system that maintained a common production technology at the time changed for some reason. Silla used roof tiles with medium paddle-beat pattern. However, when the central control grew weak, new roof tiles with large paddle-beat pattern were produced mostly in the outskirts of the royal capital and rural areas, which brought changes to the standards for the roof tile. This change could not be confirmed through chronological data, however, can be confirmed through the artifacts excavated from a variety of roof tile kilns that were excavated and investigated in the outskirts of Gyeongju. The roof tile kilns that supplied roof tiles to the royal capital of Silla until the late Unified Silla Dynasty period produced roof tiles with medium paddle-beat pattern under the management and supervision of the Roof Tile Agency under the Ministry of Interior, but it is quite likely that the roof tile kilns located in the outskirts were outside the management and supervision of the authority. This is related with the political disorder and the emergence of powerful clans. It is estimated that the production of the roof tiles with large paddle-beat pattern began in the outskirts of Gyeongju, which is estimated to be after the 14th year in the reign of King Heondeok of Silla (822) considering the excavations in rural areas and the dating of the remains of the dwellings in Bangnae-ri, Gyeongju.

Citation status

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