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On Conceptual Metaphor

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2006, 20(), pp.29-60
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

임 지 룡 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Lim Ji-ryong. 2006 On Conceptual Metaphor. Korean semantics 20. The purpose of this paper is to explore the basic concept, types, and working principles of conceptual metaphor on the basis of conceptual metaphor theories. The conclusions are as follows. First, our thoughts and ideas are essentially metaphoric according to conceptual theories. Conceptual metaphor is a cognitive strategy that structures and conceptualizes a new and abstract target domain by using a familiar and concrete source domain. Metaphoric expressions are linguistic expressions of conceptual metaphor. Second, conceptual metaphor is classified as structural, ontological, and orientational, according to the fidelity of the conceptual structure to the target domain. This fidelity is ‘structural metaphor>ontological metaphor> orientational metaphor.’ Third, the working principle behind conceptual metaphors can be explained as a mapping relationship between a source domain and a target domain, and the cognitive ability of this mapping structure to activate a new and abstract domain. In this case, the mapping is characterized by the maintenance of a unilateral, partial, and basic skeleton between conceptual domains. Lower level mappings inherit higher level ones. Fourth, conceptual metaphor theory provides higher explanatory adequacy for the motivation of metaphor use, the tool of inference and meaning extension, and empirical correlation, whereas it has problems with over-concentration on conceptual metaphor, and with its conceptual and methodological foundations. Conceptual metaphor theory also has limits and problems that cannot be explained by the mapping between conceptual domains.

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