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A Cognitive Analysis of Lexicalization Patterns of (Dis-)Honorification in Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2004, 14(), pp.97-120
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

구 현 정 1

1상명대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Koo, Hyun Jung. 2004. A Cognitive Analysis of Lexicalization Patterns of (Dis-)Honorification in Korean. Korean Semantics, 14. The objective of this paper is to explore the lexicalization patterns of honorification/dishonorification in Korean. Honorification and dishon- orification are considered as essential elements in Korean, probably due to the extended family system and rigid social stratification. Honorification is a robust grammatical element realized by inflection. Derivational process is relatively less productively employed for marking honorification. Frequently used methods include using Sino- Korean counterparts, suppletion, and metaphorical/metonymical expressions to enhance the prestige of the word, by avoiding directness of the semantic designation. Sino-Korean words/morphemes are considered to enhance the prestige of the word. Dishonorification, as discussed here, does not simply mean the lack of honorification. It has a more active sense of showing contempt to others. Dishonorification, unlike honorification, largely depends on lexicalization processes. Word derivation recruits diverse objects such as animals and other natural objects, as well as qualities of actions and states, and a large number of suffixes, the majority of which are opaque in source meanings. However, there are ample number of source data that shed the light on what is collectively conceptualized as contemptible by the Korean language community. This paper addresses individual cognitive mechanisms involved in such lexicalization patterns.

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