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Meaning and its distribution of ‘-gedoyda’-As a part of basic study for developing Korean language education material-

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2009, 30(), pp.59-88
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Kim Jung Nam 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Kim Jung-Nam. 2009. Meaning and its distribution of ‘-gedoyda’-As a part of basic study for developing Korean language education material-. Korean Semantics, 30. The word ‘doeda[become]’ is marking the second rank in terms of usage frequency of all the verbs in Korean language. And it is generally presented to a form of ‘-ge doeda[become to]’ because it has a main usage as an auxiliary verb. So far, the '-ge doeda' has been primarily interpreted as a passive voice expression. But it seemed as a result of enlarged interpretation of meaning '-eojida[be done to]’. So in this paper, albeit I accepted the relationship between '-ge doeda' and ‘-eojida’, and some examples of '-eojida' where combine with stem of transitive verb have usages of passive voice's meaning, but I persist it is not reasonable to assert the meaning of '-ge doeda' as passive from this relationship, because they are not the type that is corresponding to '-ge doeda'. In this research, I suggest the meaning of '-ge doeda' as a 'change'. The '-ge doeda' that has a 'change' as a basic meaning is mostly shown up in connective clauses, of which while '-ge doeda' construction is primarily appeared on following clause, a phrase that presents a 'cause' or 'condition' of the 'change' comes first in preceding clause. Typical example of 'cause' clause is subordinate clause led by the expression '-eo(seo)[since]' or '-(eu)ni(kka)[because of]'. In addition, the expression '-go[and]', '-(eu)myeo[and so]', and '-(eu)myeonseo[at the same time]' sometimes means 'cause' that goes beyond mere meaning of arrangement, succession, and simultaneous. And nouns connected with like 'ttaemun[due to]' or 'deokbun[by virtue]' might come first ahead of '-ge doeda' syntax, and postposition '-e[by]' or '-(eu)ro(sseo)[by means of]' sometimes can be appeared accompanying with other nouns. In case of 'condition,' subordinate clause led by the connecting endings like '-(eu)myeon[if], -eoya[even if], -eodo[though, in spite of]' is commonly being appeared. But this conditional clause sometimes could appear as a type of definite clause which has the nouns of 'gyeong-u[occasion]', 'ttae[time]' and the others as a head noun. In addition to this, there is a construction like '-ge doemyeon[if it is to be]' that appears the meaning of automaticity, in other times, the expressions such as 'eojjeodaga[occasionally]' or 'eodinji moreuge[seemingly wrong]' can be appeared in preceding clause of '-ge doeda'

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