본문 바로가기
  • Home

Semantic characteristics of objective adjectives which are combined with ‘-eo ha-’

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2010, 33(), pp.297-319
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Jeong Yeonju 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Although, ‘-eo ha-’ is generally combined with subjective adjective, in some case, it is also combined with objective adjective. Such objective adjectives may be classified into two groups. One is the group where when original objective adjective such as ‘jobda(좁다)’ is converted to subjective adjective and it may be combined with ‘-eo ha-’. The other is the group where even though there is no possibility of being converted to subjective adjective in itself, outwardly, it seems that the construction [objective adjective + -eo ha-] is created, by sharing certain characteristics with the [subjective adjective + -eo ha-] construction. First, with regard to the ‘jobda(좁다)’ type adjective, it is mentioned that it will be combined with ‘-eo ha-’, when it describes the property or state of a theme through perceptual experience such as hearing, touch, smell, taste, not through the way, which is relatively objective(which uses only sight). In this way, among objective adjectives, the adjective which can be related with subjective, perceptual experience may be categorized into subjective adjective by its nature. When it comes to the ‘gyeomsonhada(겸손하다)’ type adjective, it is mentioned that such objective adjectives as have potential characteristics, ‘being related to subject's internal psychological aspect’ as well as ‘being behavioral’, may be combined with ‘-eo ha-’. It is discussed that this kind of adjective, unlike typical adjectives, have a potential characteristic of ‘being behavioral’ in the sense that this may be combined with imperative endings or endings which indicate certain intent. Add to that, that behavior is related to ‘the subject who is psychologically affected’. These two are the fundamental characteristics of the [subjective adjective + -eo ha-] construction. Like this, it is shown that human's ability of motivation, where the primary characteristics of the ‘-eo ha-’ construction are to be abstract and new expressions which accord with the characteristics are created and interpreted according to the existing the ‘-eo ha-’ construction, affects the process of expansion of the distribution of the ‘-eo ha-’ construction.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.