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A Corpus-based Approach to Antonymous Relations of Korean degree adverb the(‘more’) and thel(‘less’)

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2011, 34(), pp.159-183
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Mikyung Bong 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates antonymous relations of Korean adverb the(‘more’) and thel(‘less’) based on Korean corpus. In order to clarify antonymous relations of two adverbs, this paper will examine dictionary definitions, semantic property, semantic distribution, and collocational information. This paper analyzes 4979 sentences with keyword the and 497 sentences with keyword thel extracted from corpus. This study used the 10 million-word Sejong Modern Korean Corpus, which was managed by the National Institute of the Korean Language. The and thel have two types of meaning: comparative meaning and numeral meaning. The most frequent case is comparative meaning, which is the most typical usage of the and thel and occurs with comparative expressions such as noun + pota(‘than’). Comparative expressions do not occur when they can be figured out from the context and situation meaning. Numeral meaning is found when the and thel occur with numeral expression such as numerals or numerals + unit nouns. Additionally, only thel has a meaning of uncompleted meaning, which occurs with verbs of having accomplishment points of events in aspectual meaning. The study of antonym based on using corpus would contribute to the lexical analysis of Korean antonym and Korean corpus-based studies. At the same time, it would provide materials for Korean vocabulary teaching and lexicography for degree adverbs.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.