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Semantic Functions of -uni, -teni and -essteni: Focused on their Connective Meanings

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2011, 34(), pp.185-212
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Jaemog Song 1

1大阪經濟法科大學

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates semantic functions of suffixes -uni, -teni and -essteni in Korean. It has been claimed in previous studies that -teni and -essteni indicate connective meanings different from those of -uni and that -teni and -essteni denote the same connective meanings. This paper, however, argues that connective meanings of -teni and -essteni originate from -uni which forms part of the two suffixes. It also argues that -teni and -essteni do not show the same connective meanings. Through corpus data analysis, this paper proposes connective meanings of causal, discovering, reactive, sequential, supplementary, contrasting or concessive for -uni. Suffixes -teni and -essteni indicate some of the meanings expressed by -uni. While -teni indicates causal, sequential, supplementary or contrasting relation, -essteni expresses causal, discovering, reactive, sequential, supplementary or contrasting relation. It is also revealed in this paper that -uni mainly indicates causal relation, while -teni and -essteni primarily denote sequential and reactive relation respectively.

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