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Polysemy of Deverbal Nouns in ‘-i’(이)

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2011, 34(), pp.431-450
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Joon-Kyung Cha 1

1경상대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper considers the polysemy of Korean deverbal nouns in ‘-i’(이) within lexeme-based morphology framework. Deverbal nouns can have a range of interpretations, and often have more than one meaning. Whereas the internal structure of Korean deverbal nouns has been discussed, the semantics of derivatives in the word-formation process has not yet been considered. I find that the patterns of polysemy in simplex event-type Korean nouns are similar to the patterns of polysemy in deverbal nouns. For example, simplex nouns such as ‘감독’ have multiple meanings, referring either to agents or actions. Deverbal nouns such as ‘고기잡이’ can likewise denote agents or actions, In addition, some deverbal nouns can be interpreted as action, agent, object, instrument, location or time. Any of these nouns denotes an entity that is a participant in a verbal-based event structure. This verbal-based event structure can involve a number of entities. Therefore, the deverbal noun performs the function of demarcating one of the entities in an event structure.

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