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Study on the subjective quantity expression of Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2014, 46(), pp.351-377
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

채옥자 1

1복단대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on doing some semantic research centrally on the appraisals, that is to say manners. While the semantic characteristics and syntactical characteristics has been discussing through some syntactical units such as numeral, classifier, quantifier, quantity configuration In the old research about the Korean quantity expression. Speaking of subjectivity of language expressed by quantity category, it must be the 'subjective quantity', in other words, the quantity that is valued by saying 'many/much' or 'few/little'. And this kind of quantity can be divided into the one that is connected with the speaker's supposition and the one that is depended on individual conditions of the speaker. In addition, subjective majority and subjective minority mostly is formed through the differences of the cognition, the view and the expectation of speakers. Speaking of subjective quantity in Korean, the meaning of subjective majority mostly appears by adverb such as '무려'(approximately), ’자그마치‘,postposition like '-(이)나'(as many/as much as), syntactic formation like'무려…-(이)나'(as many/much as...approximately). On the other hand, the meaning of subjective minority appears with adverbs like '겨우, 고작, 기껏해야, 단지'(barely, narrowly, at most, only), postposition like '-뿐', '-밖에'(just, expect of), syntactic formation such as '-에 불과하다', '-에 그치다', '-에 지나지 않다'(nothing but-, end in-, no more than-), and so on.

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