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Lexicology and Pragmatics of Depreciatory Abbreviations in Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2017, 56(), pp.161-188
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Park Jaeyon 1

1아주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The aims of this paper are to analyse the lexical and pragmatic properties of some new abbreviated words, and to insist that they perform verbal abuse to specific targets just by their existences. I especially focus the new depreciatory words like ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae etc.’ I discuss that depreciatory words should be polysemous or monosemous, non-intentional or intentional, and definite or generic. According to this analysis, I insist ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae etc.’ should have the properties of monosemous, intentional and generic depreciatory words. In addition, they have a unique property that they have no normal counterparts. Though the grammatical status of ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae’ is ‘word’, they entail the propositional meaning and perform a kind of speech act. However, they are different from other performative words such as satirical words or words for political correctness, in that they perform unfair or harmful assertion. I insist that they perform more serious verbal abuse than other depreciatory words or insulting sentences. They generate new categories only for insulting and they are stored and spreaded because they are ‘words’ and not ‘sentences’. They can provide their users with the pleasure of puzzle-solving, and this can conceal their violence.

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