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An essay on the establishment of informativity makers in Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2020, 70(), pp.127-156
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2020.12.70.127
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : August 20, 2020
  • Accepted : November 11, 2020
  • Published : December 30, 2020

Choi, Jeong jin 1

1독립연구자

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, it is suggested that the grammatical functions of representative korean assistives ‘i/ga, eon/neun, do, man’ were able to be classified into a new functional category ‘informative markers’ by discussing in the perspective of the exahustivity of contrast focus and the informativity. First, from the point of view of the exhaustivity of contrast focus, it is not proper to regard the function of assistive ‘do(도)’ as a sort of contrast focus marker. The function of ‘do(도)’ regarded as ‘plus new informative item(s)’ is able to cause highlight effect in relation with the given other items so called ‘alternative set’. Second, ‘eun(은)/neun(는)’ and ‘i(이)/ga(가)’ could be classified in same category named ‘informational markers’. The functional symmetry of ‘은(eun)/는(neun)’ and ‘i(이)/ga(가)’ might be summarized on the basis of the complex of two features: exhuastivity and informativity. The exhaustivity of ‘은(eun)/는(neun)’ may be regarded as ‘aboutness’ in discourse informational dimension. This result imply that the complex of exhaustivity and informativity have to categorized into a new hierarchy of korean assistives ‘josa’. Third, in the perspective of exhaustivity, the emphasis or uniqueness marker ‘man(만)’ is a represetative korean contrast focus marker. In conclusion, properties of ‘i(이)/ga(가), eun(은)/neun(는), do(도), man(만)’ can be described and be classified as ‘a system of informativity markers (16)’, which marks informational topology of it’s precedent noun or NP. The establishment of informative markers could give a new viewpoint for following hierarchical studies of korean assistives ‘josa’.

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