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The comparative study on the meaning of ‘mos’ negative expressions and ‘-ul swu eps-’ periphrastic construction

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2020, 70(), pp.157-188
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2020.12.70.157
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : October 23, 2020
  • Accepted : December 17, 2020
  • Published : December 30, 2020

SONHYEOK 1 Hyunkyung Yu 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the shared component meanings and non-shared component meanings of the similar expressions, ‘mos’ negative expressions and ‘-ul swu eps-’ periphrastic construction. The results are as follows. first, The shared component meaning of ‘mos’ negative expressions and ‘-ul swu eps-’ is ‘impossibility’. However, the component meaning of ‘mos’ negative expressions is ‘impossible of the actualization of an event’, which is more narrowly defined than ‘-ul swu eps’. Because the ‘mos’ negative expressions are limited in their use in adjectives or ‘-i-’ phrases. ‘Incapability’, ‘forbiddennes’, ‘willingness to non-actualization’, ‘prohibition’ mentioned as meanings of ‘mos negative expression and ‘-ul swu eps-’ can be judged as the conetxt meanings. ‘Epistemic meaning’ also cannot be the component meaning because it is difficult to distinguish it from ‘impossible’ and to find it’s own context of the use that is distinct from ‘impossible’ Second, ‘mos’ negative expressions have ‘non-actualization’ and ‘not reached to the state that a speaker prefers’ as their component meanings unlike ‘-ul swu eps’ periphrastic construction. ‘Non-actualization’ always appears with ‘impossibility’ and ‘not reached to the state that a speaker prefers’ appears in the different context of these. ‘Impossibility’ of ‘mos’ expressions is the cause of ‘non-actualization’, which leads to somewhat contradictory restrictions on the use of ‘mos’ negative expressions. ‘Not reached to the state that a speaker prefers’ can be found in some adjective phrases and ‘-i-’ phrase, in the same context ‘-ul swu eps-’ can be interpreted as ‘impossible’

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