본문 바로가기
  • Home

On the Grammaticalization and Semantic Characteristics of Auxiliary Verbs combined with ‘-eoss(었)’

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2022, 78(), pp.312-330
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : November 10, 2022
  • Accepted : December 15, 2022
  • Published : December 30, 2022

LEE, KEUM-HEE 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper seeks to examine the grammaticalization process and semantic characteristics of the auxiliary verbs ‘-ko anjassda(-고 앉았다)’, ‘-ko jappajyeossda(-고 자빠졌다)’, ‘-eo ppajyeossda(-어 빠졌다)’ and ‘-eo teojyeossda(-어 터졌다)’. These auxiliary verbs have the same in that ‘-eoss-(-었-)’ is combined, but the connective ending combined with the main verbs appear differently as ‘-ko(고)’ or ‘-eo(어)’. ‘anjassda(앉았다)’ and ‘jappajyeossda(자빠졌다)’ combined with ‘-ko’ indicate that the preceding proposition is in progress, and ‘ppajyeossda(빠졌다)’ and ‘teojyeossda(터졌다)’ combined with ‘-eo(어)’ indicate the continuation of the resultant state. All of these auxiliary verbs indicate the speaker's dissatisfaction and disapproval. ‘-ko anjassda(-고 앉았다)’ and ‘-ko jappajyeossda(-고 자빠졌다)’ are auxiliary verbs that reveal the speaker's dissatisfaction with an action, but ‘-eo ppajyeossda(-어 빠졌다)’ and ‘-eo teojyeossda(-어 터졌다)’ reveal the speaker's dissatisfaction with a state. In previous studies, it was discussed that ‘-eo ppajyeossda(-어 빠졌다)’ and ‘-eo teojyeossda(-어 터졌다)’ were combined only with state verbs, and it was considered that auxiliary verbs selected according to the semantic characteristics of main verbs were different. However, these auxiliary verbs are also combined with state verbs and change verbs, and the binding constraints seem to gradually disappear and change into auxiliary verbs representing similar semantic functions.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.