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The Function of Final Endings and the Role of Intonation according to Gender in Spoken Language: Through Usage Analysis of Spontaneous Speech

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2022, 78(), pp.331-359
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : November 10, 2022
  • Accepted : December 15, 2022
  • Published : December 30, 2022

Jo Min-ha 1

1경희대학교 인문학연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the completion structure of final endings in spoken language according to gender. For that, the spontaneous speech of 72 male and female were analyzed. The results of the study are as follows. First, a list of final ending is presented. female use high frequency forms intensively. The final endings are defined as relativity, not absoluteness. Second, boundary tones of utterance reveals a significant difference in grammatical and conversation function according to gender. Female use a higher rate of complex tones and lengthening tones than male. Male use a higher rate of ‘L’, and ‘HL’ intensively than female. Third, significant pragmatic characteristics are revealed according to gender. Female use the utterance connection function more than male. Politeness is revealed through indirect expression. Also, various makers are used to effectively pragmatic strategy. Male use more direct and assertive expression than female. In addition, performs the connect function of utterance by limited makers.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.