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A historical study of disjunctive ‘-deunji’

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2022, 78(), pp.362-382
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : November 11, 2022
  • Accepted : December 15, 2022
  • Published : December 30, 2022

Chung, Hye-sun 1

1국립국어원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to discuss the grammatical characteristics and grammaticalization of disjunctive ‘-deunji’ in the 19th century. The results of the discussion are as follows. First, connective ending ‘-deunji’ had the meaning of choice and irrelevance. The meaning of choice could be classified according to whether or not ‘-deunji’ coordinate sentence combined with ‘hada’. And ‘-deunji’ had the meaning of irrelevance when it combined with various forms such as indefinitive forms. ‘-dadeunji’ that had developed from a quotative construction performed as a disjunctive ending. Second, ‘-eunji’ had the meaning of uncertainty and appeared in a repetitive construction, with the possibility of developing into a disjunctive ending. ‘-deunji’ was grammaicalized through combining with the upper sentence verb that requires the meaning of choice in the context. Third, ‘-deunji’ and ‘-radeunji’ performed as a disjunctive josa in the 19th century. Josa ‘-deunji’ had different grammatical patterns from Contemporary Korean in that the noun phrase that was coordinated by ‘-deunji’ combined with case markers and it had the meaning of choice

Citation status

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