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A Study on the Authenticity of the Secret Agreement between Silla and Tang in Dapseolinguiseo

Kim Jin Han 1

1한국학중앙연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the 「Dapseolinguiseo」(答薛仁貴書) included in the Samguk-Sagi(三國史記) a secret agreement between Kim Chun Chu (金春秋) andTang Tai-tsung (太宗) is mentioned. Korean scholars make use of thedocument to validate Silla's occupation of Baekjae (百濟) territory and todemonstrate that the cause of the Silla-Tang war was a breach of theagreement by Tang. However, Chinese scholars maintain that the secret agreement is not recordedin their history books and that the document was fabricated byKing Mun-Mu (文武王) in order to defend himself. I have examined the Gu-Tang-Seo (舊唐書) and have found historicalrecords which support the authenticity of the secret agreement. Namely,it is certainly clear that the Baekjae Restoration Army (百濟復興軍) recognizedthe existence of a secret agreement in A.D. 661 at the latest ―this fact is evident in the negotiations which took place between aBaekjae envoy sent by Dochim (道琛) and Yu-ingue (劉仁軌) the Tanggeneral. There is an opinion that the date of entry into Tang by Kim Chun Chuwas A.D 647. But it is unreasonable to assume that the date of entry intoTang was A.D 647. This is due to the fact that Tang Tai-tsung gave theepigraph of On-Tang (溫湯) and the new Chin-Su (晉書) to Kim ChunChu in A.D 648. Therefore, I regard it as undeniable fact that there was a secret agreementbetween Silla and Tang after Kim Chun Chu entered into Tang inDecember, A.D 648.

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