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The Classification of the Word, Parts of Speech, and Sentence Constituents - Focusing on Co-relation and Distinctiveness -

Kim keonhee 1

1서원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The main assertion of this paper is that the study on the classificationof the word, parts of speech, and sentence constituents are distinctivelymade on the basis of the co-relation of the word, parts of speech, and sentenceconstituents. In previous studies, there have been three problems: (1)the inappropriate arrangement of the domain of topic concerned with thesegrammatical units, (2) the mixing of the terminology, and (3) confusionsurrounding definition and classification criteria. In this study, the word isconsidered only as the pure ‘word’ and not ‘- word’ which correspondsto ‘parts of speech’ or ‘sentence constituents’. The general definition ofsentence constituents as ‘expressing the grammatical relation with othersentence constituents’ is revised as ‘expressing the grammatical relationwith other part of speech’; the former definition corresponds to the classificationcriteria which must be on the basis of sentence constituents, thepredicates. The ‘function’, which acts as the classification criteria of parts of speech, overlaps with the grammatical function of sentence constituents. This is connected with the ‘pumsatongyong’, so ‘pumsatongyong’ from theviewpoint of parts of speech is reduced to ‘the specific part of speech occursas the various kinds of function of sentence constituents in the actualsentence’.

Citation status

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