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A Comparative Study of American Buddhist Meditation Practices - Focusing on Zen, Tibetan Meditation, and Vipassana Movement

장은화 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article investigates American Zen, Tibetan meditation, and vipassanain terms of their development and characteristics. Zen laid foundationsfor layman-based practice by creating the Zen center. Zen assimilated intoAmerican culture while removing authoritarian legacies and integratingwith American social engagement tradition. Concerning Tibetan meditation,the lojong training and dzogchen spread on a great scale. Also thereis the Shambhala Training, the most secularized form of TibetanBuddhism. Vipassana is popularized in the form of a mindfulness meditationand is integrating with psychotherapy aiming at worldly happiness. I bring to light a fundamental limitation of lay-centered Buddhist meditation,which I think originates from Americans’ reductionist attitude. Asa conclusion, I offer the necessity of a new monks’ community as asolution.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.