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A Study on the Structure and Mechanism of Words and Image in Dramas — Focused on Misaeng (2014), a Television Drama

Yang, Seung Gook 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Owing to the development of visual media, movies and television dramas are central to the drama form recently. Especially, Korean television dramas have made a remarkable qualitative progress since the 1990s, and it is no exaggeration to say that they are the aesthetic model of other television dramas around the world today. While enjoying television dramas in our daily lives, however, we have no epistemological self-consciousness of why we are immersed in watching television dramas this much. In addition, new television dramas are constantly being produced with a similar format, but we have not even found a methodology good enough to discover common aesthetics among them and to extract distinctive features. As a form of behaviors, dramas develop events by exposing behaviors with words and images. Therefore, the methodology of drama aesthetics can be regarded to focus on analyzing the structure and mechanism of such words and images. Thus, as a part of the process of discussion I have attempted so far, this study aims to examine the structure and mechanism of words and images in dramas, based on phenomenological views and perception theories. Particularly, this study attempted to explore the relation between words and images and how to compose words and images by the camera point of view, especially focusing the form of television dramas. Besides, this study investigated how the structure and mechanism of words and images get related to the way of television dramas showing themes. Television dramas can naturally draw out viewers’ empathy through a close harmony between the auditory perception from television drama characters’ utterances and the visual perception showing their behaviors and objects. Through this process, Viewers perceive the world provided by television dramas as their own ‘environment (Umwelt)’ and recognize their existence of ‘Being-in-the-world (In-der-Welt-Sein)’ as ‘us’ not ‘me’. Today, television dramas have become central to the drama form, and it is attributed to such an aesthetic structure of television dramas. This study has a feature as a preliminary review to explore the general aesthetic mechanism of television dramas. Thus, this study attempted to seek a methodology of analyzing universal dramas, particularly focusing on Misaeng out of all the Korean dramas.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.