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Achievements and challenges of national territorial of policies in Korea

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2009, 43(3), pp.31-54
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Soon-Tak Suh 1

1서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since the national foundation, Korea has experienced both population growth and economic growth rapidly. This paper will show how Korean government respond to spatial issues they face during the last 60 years. In the context, this study aimed at reviewing the achievements of national territory policies in Korea since 1948, and at identifying their challenges in the future. The results of this paper are summarized as follows: The 1960s and 1970s in Korea were the decade of industrialization and economic growth. Therefore regional equity was emphasized in the period. The 1990s were the decade of globalization therefore spatial competition was emphasized at both national and local level. After the 2000s both regional equity and spatial competition is highlighted. In conclusion, the trajectories of national territory policies in Korea since the 1960s show that Thirdly, to carry out land banking, a land banking operation system which allows national territory policies have played an important role in economic growth and national development. But these quantitative growth led to unexpected results such as land speculation, regional disparity, land commercialization, and politicization of national territory plan. Such legacies should be overcome in the future.

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