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A Study on the Cases of Just Compensation

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2009, 43(3), pp.77-94
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

LEE SANG HOON 1 Ho-Young SEOK 2

1명지전문대학
2한국법제발전연구소연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of redevelopment work is to recover the function of city, to maintain the living environment, to promote the public welfare and to ensure the property right at optimum level. In order to achieve these purposes, however, just compensation clearly stated under the Article 23, clause 3 of the constitutional law needs to be fulfilled for the private properties taken by the government for public utilities in the redevelopment areas as a prior condition. Accordingly, the redevelopment work, not premised by the just compensation, would only exact the sacrifice from the private owners whose properties are taken by the government in the project area, and, as a result, it would not be able to achieve its very first purposes. This study first summarizes the latest case 'Yongsan Fourth Area Redevelopment Project' and surveys the cause of 'Yongsan tragedy' happened on 2009. Jan. 20. to examine the actual compensation matters accompanied by the expropriation, and then attempts to present any possible plan or resolution of executing the just compensation for the private owners whose properties are taken for the redevelopment project by reviewing the compensation provisions of other countries, the U.S., Germany, and Japan. It seems to be obvious that the countries considered in this study all recognize the necessity of just compensation when taking the private properties and of reflecting a proper market value in computing the just compensation. Yet, the provisions and cases examined in this study were not still enough to provide the standard of just compensation because some cases showed different judgements on the recognition of the just compensation or the limitation of private property. Although presenting the standard of just compensation was not possible in this study, this study understands that, for the execution of just compensation, the social factor and circumstance, the type of property taken by the government, the limitation of property right, etc. need to be considered in estimating the just compensation according to each individual case, and, the institutional improvement or political plan such as the reformation of appraisal system, the improvement of selecting the appraiser, the city maintenance fund, etc. need to be performed for covering the losses such as investment cost or rental premium which cannot be covered by the compensation provisions.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.