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Regulation of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research by Federal Funding of the U.S. Government

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2009, 44(), pp.395-416
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Soohun Park 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The research of human embryonic stem cells(“hES Cells”) has an enormous potential to develope medical treatments for the mankind's most abhorred diseases on one hand. At the same time, it could raise severe ethical concerns by destroying human embryo in the process of creating hES Cell lines on the other hand. Regardless of these contradictory arguments on hES Cells, however, huge amount of money is invested to the research of hES Cells worldwidely in order to get the initiatives in this area as it could be the source of change in the future medical industry. Most of all, federal funding is crucial to the success of hES Cell research in two ways, pragmatically and symbolically. In addition, the government could also increase its control over hES Cell research when in provides federal funding. Therefore, this article explores how the U.S. government has taken steps on funding hES Cell research by examining the policies of it. Part II of this article explains what a hES Cell is, examines the benefits of hES Cell research, and outlines the ethical issues surrounding hES Cell research. Part III explains the importance of federal funding in hES Cell research in three aspects - pragmatic, symbolic, and government's control aspects. Part IV explores the policies of the federal government before President Bush's TV address on August 9, 2001. The establishments and functions of EAB, HERP, and NIH guideline are described here. Part V examines President Bush's TV address on August 9, 2001. The meaning of it, the hES Cell lines that could be the objectives of federal funding, the contents of it, and the drawbacks of it would be considered here. Part VI explores the Executive Order issued by President Obama on March 9, 2009. The meaning of it, the contents of it, and the effects of it would be described here. Finally, Part VII concludes that the changed federal funding policy of the U.S. government by regarding hES Cell treatments as future gold mine of medical industry will also give enormous impacts on the world market of medical industry by funding federal money to hES Cell research. On top of that, I expect that the change of the U.S. policy could give positive effects on korean government's policy of hES Cell research as well.

Citation status

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