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- Concept of Green Growth and the Basic Act on Low Carbon Green Growth -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2010, 49(), pp.245-264
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Moon-Hyun Koh 1

1숭실대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

At the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Korea on August 15. 2008, President Lee proclaimed “Low Carbon, Green Growth” as Korea's new national vision. This vision aims to shift the current development paradigm of quantity-oriented, fossil-fuel dependent growth to quality-oriented growth with more emphasis on the use of new and renewable energy resources. Using less energy and ensuring environmental sustainability, “Low Carbon, Green Growth” aims to simultaneously pursue three objectives by creating a synergistic relationship between economic growth and environmental protection: (1) to promote eco-friendly new growth engines for the national economy, (2) to enhance the quality of life for the members of the society, and (3) to contribute to the international efforts to fight climate change. In order to facilitate the realization of the new vision, the Presidential Committee on Green Growth was established in February 2009. “The Basic Act on Low Carbon Green Growth(hereinafter referred to as ‘the Act’)” was passed on Jan. 13th 2010. This article aims to introduce concept of green growth and to analyze the Act. The Act is the comprehensive countermeasure for the climate change and the promotion law for the new growth power to overcome global economic crisis. The Act will provide the legal and institutional basis for aligning all national and local rules and regulations under the overarching vision of green growth. Besides, the Act requires gradual reduction of the use of fossil fuel fostering green technology and green industry to strengthen the national competitiveness and achieve sustainable development. The scope of the Act is quite broad, including the legislations on environment, land, industry, energy and livelihood construction, with the principle of the balance between the land development and environment protection. But there still remain some legal and administrative homeworks to shape the relationship with other laws and governmental projects. And it is more desirable that definition of science-technology related term such as greenhouse gas should be delegated to Presidential decree rather than the Act. And there are too many obscure terms such as ‘green’. And it is a pity that there are too many concessions surrounding enactment of the Act without principle and standard. Green growth can be achieved only through cooperation between government, local government, industry and people.

Citation status

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