본문 바로가기
  • Home

Formation of Pancasila as basic principle of Indonesian Constitution andits constitutional meaning

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2012, 56(), pp.421-442
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Hae Cheol Byun 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Indonesia is a country who has diverse cultures, religions, languages, etc. How can it maintain its unity as a state? It is possible to answer by mentioning "Pancasila". It is considered as basic principle of Indonesia. It is not only stipulated in the preamble of Indonesian Constitution, but also has been, in Indonesian history, formed with the lives of the Indonesia people and respected by them for a long time. It was prior to the declaration of the independece in 1945 that the indonesian founding fathers tried to create a philosophical and ideological foundation for a new state in future. The Investigation Committee for Independence having primarily discussed it, the Independence Preparatory Committee which included Sukarno and Hatta finally decided to adopt “Pancasila” as principle and ideology of a new independent state. It is composed of five principles: Belief in one and only God, nationalism in the unity of Indonesia, humanitarianism, consultative democracy based on deliberation and consent and social justice. “Pancasila” being inserted into the preamble of Indonesian Constituion, Indonesia became a “Pancasila”-based state.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.